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2014/09/24

ヨコハマトリエンナーレ2014 出品作家アートブック:アナ・メンディエタ Yokohama Triennale 2014: Ana MENDIETA

アナ・メンディエタ/Ana MENDIETA
キューバ、1948年生れ (1985年没)

 アナ・メンディエタは、フィデル・カストロ率いる共産主義運動と密接に関係があった政治家の家で生まれた。カストロの派閥とアナの父親の間で生じた確執により、アナが12歳の時、家族は米国に移住した。米国への亡命は、後の作品制作に影響を与える。

 アイオワ大学では絵画を学ぶが、在学中からパフォーマンスアートに強い関心を抱く。パフォーマンス、映像、写真、版画等の分野にまたがって、自らの身体と大地・自然との関係を問う制作を展開した。国際的な名声を獲得しつつあった矢先、自宅アパート34階から謎の転落死を遂げた。ヨコハマトリエンナーレ2014では初期の映像作品3点が出品されている。

❶ Dialectics of Isolation: An Exhibition of Third World Women Artists of the United States

Preface by Ana Mendieta
A.I.R. Gallery, New York, 1980
20 pp., illus.; 20 x 21 cm.
22,080円

1979年、メンディエタは、ニューヨークのA.I.R.ギャラリーで、写真の個展を開き、1981年には、同ギャラリーで開催された≪Dialectics of Isolation: An Exhibition of Third World Women Artists of the United States,≫の企画と展覧会カタログの執筆を行う。同展は、米国で活動する第3世界の女性アーティスト(Judy Baca、Senga Nengudi、Howardena Pindell、Zarina等々)たちを紹介した。

Ana_mendieta_dialectics_of_isolatio

❷ Ana Mendieta: The 'Silueta' series, 1973-1980

Mary Jane Jacob
Galerie Lelong, New York, 1991
35p.
6,420円

メンディエタは、earth-body彫刻と呼ばれることになったSilueta Seriesを1970年代に制作する。

When she began her "Silueta Series" in the 1970s, Mendieta was one of many artists experimenting with the emerging genres of land art, body art, and performance art. Mendieta was possibly the first to combine these genres in what she called "earth-body" sculptures. She often used her naked body to explore and connect with the Earth, as seen in her piece Imagen de Yagul, from the series Silueta Works in Mexico 1973-1977.

Ana_mendieta_ana_mendieta_the_silue

❸ Ana Mendieta: A Book of Works
Bonnie Clearwater(Ed.)

Grassfield Pr, 1988
71p. 27.3 x 19 x 2.5 cm
14,120円

As documented in the book Ana Mendieta: A Book of Works, edited by Bonnie Clearwater, before her death, Mendieta was working on a series of photo-etchings of cave sculptures she had created at Escaleras de Jaruco, Jaruco State Park in Havana, Cuba

Ana_mendieta_a_book_of_works

❹ Ana Mendieta

Gloria Moure
Prestel, 1996
276p.
6,380円

初期のパフォーマンスからland art、彫刻、ドローイングの作品まで。

From her early performances to her Land Art works, sculptures, and drawings, examples from all phases of her career--from the late 1960s to her death in 1985-- are considered here in extensive color plates, several in-depth essays, and writings by the artist.

Ana_mendieta_gloria_moure


❺ Ana Mendieta

Ruido Maria
Nerea, 2002
120p.
5,410円

ボディ、アイデンティティ、大地の三部から構成され、アナ・メンディエタ作品の簡潔な考察している。

Este texto estructurado en tres partes (el cuerpo / las identidades / la tierra) pretende ser una breve reflexión sobre el trabajo de una artista, Ana Mendieta (1948-1985), objeto de atención por parte de diversos autores desde hace ya más de una década, en algunos casos por cuestiones ajenas a su producción. Esta obra no p retende elaborar una biografía ilustrada o un catálogo sistemático; el objetivo no es la exhaustividad ni la categorización, sino más bien la introducción de algunos apuntes críticos desde posiciones no coincidentes con los criterios de la historiografía tradicional que nos ayuden a repensar las aportaciones de ésta y de otras y otros artistas en el marco de la historia del arte. También, como objetivo, redefinir la propia disciplina, sus criterios y su metodología, apuntando la posibilidad de que en ella tenga cabida proyectos divergentes y heterogéneos sin que sean necesariamente asimilados.

Ana_mendieta_ruido_maria

❻ Ana Mendieta

Julia Bryan-Wilson, Stephanie Rosenthal, Adrian Heathfield
Hayward Gallery Publishing, 2013
240p. 24 Sep to 15 Dec 2013, exhibition at Hayward Gallery
5,320円

Ana_mendieta_stephanie_rosenthal

UKでの初の個展のカタログ。写真、映像、彫刻、ドローイングを展示する。

The first retrospective of this major artist's work to be presented in the UK.

Focusing on her later pieces, the exhibition reveals the full breadth of her work and her unique practice in a wide variety of media, from photography to film, sculpture to drawing.

In her short career, Ana Mendieta (1948-1985) created an extraordinary body of work, both provocative and radically inventive.

Using her own body together with elemental materials such as earth, water, blood and fire, she produced visceral performances and ephemeral 'earth-body' sculptures that combine ritual with metaphors about life, death, rebirth and spiritual transformation.

Ana Mendieta was born in Cuba but sent to America as a child, and much of her art expresses the pain and rupture of cultural displacement and exile.

Her images are compelling, mysterious and poetic. In some, the outline of her body is consumed by gunpowder, fireworks, or advancing waves, while others show ancient goddess-forms moulded from sand, carved into rock, or incised in clay.

Bodily traces are inscribed in blood, drawn on leaves and trees, or shrouded within the landscape as she expresses an urgent need to explore our relationship to place in a more permanent way.

'I wanted my images to have power, to be magic,' she said. 'I decided that for the images to have magic qualities I had to work directly with nature.'

Grown out of earlier performances in which Mendieta enacts dramatic gender-bending bodily transformations, these earth and body works are private ceremonies and acts of meditation documented in film, video and photography.

❼ Mendieta: Earth Body Sculpture and Performance, 1972-1985

Ana Mendieta, Olga M. Viso, Guy Brett, Julia P. Herzberg, Chrissie Iles, Laura Roulet
HATJE CANTZ PUBLISHERS, 2004
334 illus., 295 in color. 286p.
13,680円

Ana_mendieta_sculpture_and_performa

映像作品、写真作品等々から引用しながら、メンディエタの学生時代から、アイオワとメキシコで制作されたSilueta Seriesの初期のパフォーマンス作品を本カタログは解説する。

This major monograph, a comprehensive reconsideration of the brief life and career of Ana Mendieta, contextualizes the artist's work within its time and acknowledges her legacy on subsequent generations of artists. The Cuban-born American sculptor is celebrated for her earth-body works of the 1970s, sculptural interventions in the landscape that placed her body--or its haunting silhouette--in symbiotic relationship with nature. Using extracts from her films, original slide documentation, photography, and other archival material, this catalogue illustrates early performances from Mendieta's student days, as well as her more well-known Silueta Series made in Iowa and Mexico from 1973 to 1980. Earth-body works executed in Canada, Cuba and the United States in the early 1980s, and select sculptures, drawings and installations dating to the mid-80s will also be illustrated. This publication promises to be the definitive study of the artist's work.

❽ Ana Mendieta: She Got Love

Beatrice Merz, Olga Gambari
Skira; Bilingual edition (March 11, 2014)
246p.
7,420円

Ana_mendieta_she_got_love

メンディエタの1972年から1985年までの130作品を集めている。

Ana Mendieta. She Got Love gathers over 130 works by this Cuban-American artist, created between 1972 and 1985 and chosen from among the most significant in the prolific production of her brief life. The volume unveils her extremely personal language, which is visionary and material, magical and poetic, political and progressive. In quite a short time (her career as an artist lasted just thirteen years) she experimented with a variety of media: performance, video, photography, drawing and sculpture, every time including her own image into the work and every time looking for answers, which she would search not only in the realm of tradition but in everything that links our human roots to the spiritual. Today she is considered a cornerstone of a particular moment in history, and thanks to her eclectic nature many women artists, from different parts of the globe and from later generations, have looked at her and her work as a true point of reference.

❾ ANA MENDIETA: A RETROSPECTIVE

Petra Barreras Del Rio
NEW MUSEUM OF CONTEMPORARY ART, 1987
88p. November 20 1987 - January 24 1988 at New Museum of Contemporary Art
3,840円

Ana_mendieta_a_restrospective

「わたしはランドスケープと女の体で交わされる会話をし続けてきた。これは、子どもの頃、祖国キューバから切り離された体験から生じたものです…。」

Organized by Petra Barreras del Rio, Director, El Museo del Barrio, New York, and John Perreault, Visual Arts Director, Snug Harbor Cultural Center, Staten Island; coordinated for presentation at The New Museum by Lynn Gumpert and Karen Fiss

"I have been carrying on a dialogue between the landscape and the female body (based on my own silhouette). I believe this has been a direct result of my having been torn from my homeland (Cuba) during my adolescence. I am overwhelmed by the feeling of having been cast from the womb (nature). My art is the way I re-establish the bonds that unite me to the universe. It is a return to the maternal source."

Ana Mendieta, quoted in John Perreault, Ana Mendieta catalogue. “This exhibition, the first major retrospective of Ana Mendieta’s work, was presented as part of the Museum’s continuing commitment to exhibiting the work of artist who have not received significant recognition. Mendieta died in 1985 a t the age of 36, as she was engaged in her most sophisticated and mature work. Born in Havana, Cuba, she was sent by her family to live in the United States in 1961. Studying at the University of Iowa’s Multimedia and Video Art program, Mendieta developed a personal vocabulary in which her own body became the medium for performances, earth art, body art, and photo art. The emerging feminist movement also played a role in Mendieta’s work. The Museum exhibition surveyed the growth and change in Mendieta’s career and included 30 documentary color photographs of the Silueta series, in which her body was traced in the landscape; black and white photographic blowups of rock carvings located in Cuba; early drawings on leaves; floor sculptures made from sand and earth; tree trunk sculpture with the female image carved and burnt into the surface; and videotape documentation of various performance works.” -From The New Museum Annual Report, 1988

❿ Unseen Mendieta: The Unpublished Works of Ana Mendieta

Olga Viso
Prestel, 2008
304p. 30 X 24 CM
2,640円

Ana_mendieta_unseen_mendieta

メンディエタは、亡命者の視点からカリブのルーツを作品の中で追い求めた。

Among the most compelling and iconic images of art in the 1970s are the pioneering investigations of performance and experimental media by Ana Mendieta. An American artist born in Cuba, she explored in her work her Caribbean roots through the lens of exile. She meticulously documented her ephemeral site-specific artworks, on beaches and in rivers, across flowery fields and against walls of rock. Here for the first time, Olga Viso, the leading authority on the artist, presents a beautifully curated representative selection of photographs and drawings from the artist's archive, only a small selection of which has been previously published.This volume traces Mendieta's early studies as an art student in Iowa; the genesis of her signature works, the archetypal female forms known as siluetas; and, public art projects, including ones being developed at the time of her tragic death in 1985. Interspersed throughout are revealing pages from Mendieta's notebooks: sketches, shopping lists for materials, recipes for gunpowder mixtures and photographic source materials. Viso's accompanying essay reveals the artist's experimental approach and rigorous working methods, provides insights into the forces that inspired and shaped her work and shows how the genius of Mendieta's vision has survived its physical manifestations.

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