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2014/01/14

How a Revolutionary Art Became Official Culture 革命的芸術は如何にして公認文化と成り得たのか

How_a_revolutionary_art_became_offi


How a Revolutionary Art Became Official Culture:
Murals, Museums, and the Mexican State

Mary K. Coffey
Duke University Press, 2012. 248p., 51 illustrations, 3 maps.
4,080円ペーパー版
11,940円クロス版

 メキシコ革命後の政府の下、1920年代に始まるメキシコ壁画運動は、大衆闘争や社会正義を表現することで、大衆芸術運動として長きにわたり高い評価を受けてきた。著者は、このラディカルな芸術運動がいかにして公認の文化となり、最後には政府のプロパガンダのツールとなったかを記すことで、メキシコ壁画運動についての従来の記述を見直す。

A public art movement initiated by the postrevolutionary state, Mexican muralism has long been admired for its depictions of popular struggle and social justice. Mary K. Coffey revises traditional accounts of Mexican muralism by describing how a radical art movement was transformed into official culture, ultimately becoming a tool of state propaganda. Analyzing the incorporation of mural art into Mexico's most important public museums—the Palace of Fine Arts, the National History Museum, and the National Anthropology Museum—Coffey illuminates the institutionalization of muralism and the political and aesthetic issues it raised. She focuses on the period between 1934, when José Clemente Orozco and Diego Rivera were commissioned to create murals in the Palace of Fine Arts, through the crisis of state authority in the 1960s. Coffey highlights a reciprocal relationship between Mexico's mural art and its museums. Muralism shaped exhibition practices, which affected the politics, aesthetics, and reception of mural art. Interpreting the iconography of Mexico's murals, she focuses on representations of mestizo identity, the preeminent symbol of postrevolutionary Mexico. Coffey argues that those gendered representations reveal a national culture project more invested in race and gender inequality than in race and class equality.
Mary K. Coffey is Associate Professor of Art History at Dartmouth College.
How_a_revolutionary_art_became_offi
Mary K. Coffey

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